A research paper on cattle ranching

Accordingly, the infrastructure necessary to slaughter animals remains a constraint for the expansion of human settlements.

cattle ranching and deforestation

The profitability of individual operations depends on production efficiency and anticipating market demand. The slaughter of animals with poor sanitation standards is a serious concern in the poorer areas of Brazil.

Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. In Brazil, cattle herds and abattoirs have expanded since the late 16th century [ 26 ] as cattle, buffalos, sheep and other bovid animals were essential for food, clothing and transportation in colonial times [ 27 ].

We conclude by discussing potential applications of the data, a deidentified version of which is made available through an online repository.

Wwf cattle ranching

As of the last four decades of the 20th century, bovine herds saw a steady movement toward the Amazon region [ 31 ], spurring environmental concerns due to the land-intensive nature of the activity. The slaughter of animals with poor sanitation standards is a serious concern in the poorer areas of Brazil. Small operators can compete successfully by producing special grades of beef cattle and by controlling costs carefully. Finally, we generate maps of the expansion of slaughterhouses across time and space and compare their evolution to the dynamics of grazing areas and cattle herds between and Slaughterhouses in Brazil are classified according to their sanitation inspection status: federal, state, municipality-level inspection, and uninspected. Yet targeted action by sanitation agencies requires information on the location and capacity of the uninspected plants, which is currently unavailable. We conclude by discussing potential applications of the data, a deidentified version of which is made available through an online repository. We also present the data validation results. Large operators have some advantages in volume purchasing and efficient use of labor and equipment. Live cattle imports account for Study area Mato Grosso is the 3rd largest state in Brazil , km2 and a key conservation target for the Amazon and Cerrado biomes, which respectively occupy View Full Sample Add To Cart Excerpt from Cattle Ranching Industry Profile Companies in this industry are ranches and farms that raise cattle, including those intended for dairy herd replacements, and feedlots that fatten cattle in preparation for slaughter.

Large operators have some advantages in volume purchasing and efficient use of labor and equipment. While a key predictor of the expansion of cattle-related deforestation is the provision of roads [ 1819 ], the role of slaughterhouses, a central type of infrastructure, remains elusive.

Ranching effect on water

For example, Mato Grosso had the largest GDP growth relative to the country in —, and the fourth largest per capita income growth in the same period [ 44 , 46 ]. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. These legal identities, known by the acronym CNPJ, are used to process corporate taxes and financial information. Knowledge of the location and clustering patterns of different types of animal slaughter infrastructure, and of ownership structure and changes, has been constrained by severe data limitations. Uninspected slaughter is thus a general concept that is more easily quantifiable as it can take place with a formal business registration. Such coevolving pattern of human settlements and cattle herds continues, especially in the frontier regions of the Amazon and Cerrado biomes [ 29 , 30 ]. Accordingly, the infrastructure necessary to slaughter animals remains a constraint for the expansion of human settlements. Large operators have some advantages in volume purchasing and efficient use of labor and equipment. In the methods section, we first provide a step-by-step explanation of how we mapped the space-time signature of slaughterhouses; second, we present the data validation procedures; and third, we describe how we analyze the results to learn about the temporal dynamics of slaughterhouses, pastures and cattle. One part of the uninspected market remains obscure despite all data gathering efforts. Our study is the first to include longitudinal information and both inspected for food quality and uninspected slaughterhouses. The process was divided into five steps that we describe below: compiling a core dataset with key company identifiers, such as names and addresses; populating the dataset with attributes from multiple sources, especially opening and closing dates of a CNPJ ; grouping registered companies by physical plant and geocoding the addresses; documenting and inferring ownership changes and dates for the larger holding groups; and validating the data through comparisons with other sources of information. In the final section, we discuss the results and data limitations, list potential applications of the data, and provide new insights for the study of cattle and land use change. For Brazil as a whole, the estimated rate of uninspected slaughter is between Plants with state inspection SIE have within-state market access, while plants with municipality inspection SIM are restricted to the county.

One plant will sometimes operate through two or more CNPJs. Fig 1 provides a schematic view of the data sources used and the sequence of steps applied. We documented and report only the most recent holding company of each plant, and as such miss the dynamics of previous ownership changes.

We also present the data validation results. Not surprisingly, the best public data currently available provide only cross-sectional snapshots of the larger plants [ 2324 ], which limits analysis and policymaking efforts. Bythis share had dropped to

cattle ranching in the amazon rainforest
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