Drug abuse in pregnancy essay

effects of drug abuse on pregnancy

As preclinical studies have shown, fetal doses of nicotine that do not result in low birthweight still produce deficits in fetal brain development [ 65 ]. The teratogenic effects of alcohol are well established. One of the reasons why researchers began studying babies who had been exposed to cocaine was because of how the babies differed physically upon independence from the womb.

Other effects that are present at birth are a greater likelihood of SIDS sudden infant death syndromeas well as an overall increase in infant mortality. The mother may give birth to a premature infant, underweight infant, or even have a stillborn birth.

Alcohol and pregnancy essay

The question about whether pregnant women are liable for subjecting their unborn children to risk has yet to be properly addressed. Physical activity can also help maintain muscle tone and strength for labor and birth. The following picture represents a small child with these facial abnormalities. These effects may also last for a long period of time. Heavy drinking in later pregnancy may also impede growth American Council for Drug Education, How to cite this page Choose cite format:. FAS was first described in the published medical literature in and refers to a constellation of physical abnormalities. Exposed children experience more difficulties in their visual reception, visual motor expression, language reception and expression, adaptation and self-help skills.

Certain analysts have found gross motor skills development to be delayed or impaired in significant amounts for exposed children. Alcohol is one of the worst teratogens and can lead to the most defects because it is so widely consumed. As a result, cocaine-exposed babies are more likely than unexposed babies to be born prematurely and with low birth weight.

Should pregnant drug users be prosecuted

Some of the more harsh teratogens that affect the fetus in more extreme ways are illicit drugs such as cocaine, heroin, and even Thalidomide. We need to understand combinations of biological including genetic predispositions and environmental conditions that result in normal development and what specific factors might promote resilience. Unfortunately, it is not uncommon for a pregnant woman to become addicted to prescription medications and other illegal drugs. In the Vega et al. Heroin itself does not cause any major malformations. The other criteria include effects that relate to neurodevelopment disorder. Taking a severely deformed or incapable child to these types of treatments can be emotionally draining for a mother or parent.

Methods of identification of drug using women The accurate identification of prenatal drug exposure is important not only to understand the nature and magnitude of the problem, but also to determine appropriate medical and psychosocial intervention.


thesis statement on drug abuse during pregnancy
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Substance use during pregnancy: time for policy to catch up with research