Voluntary or compulsory savings banks were also a part of company packages. For example, sabotage of factory equipment was not unknown. Compulsory public education was introduced inbut children continued to work part-time.
The labor reduction did not mean that seam-stresses worked any less, however.
The factory owners began to hire children from poor and working-class families to work in these factories preparing and spinning cotton, flax, wool and silk. However, Howe's design was not very practical and by that time there were many competitors already in the field who could make a better machine.
Lung diseases, stomach and bowel disorders, varicose veins, leg ulcers, pelvic deformities, and childbirth problems were linked to factory work. To build a factory required large amounts of capital accumulated wealth or goods devoted to the production of other goodsso in Lowell formed the Boston Manufacturing Company, also called the Boston Associates, with several wealthy businesspeople, each providing large sums of money.If elsewhere, did the work processes differ? Cunningham argues that the idleness of children was more a problem during the Industrial Revolution than the exploitation resulting from employment. A considerable rise in population put pressure on existing resources. The stopwatch was not welcome on the factory floor. However, Howe's design was not very practical and by that time there were many competitors already in the field who could make a better machine. Protective legislation divided men and women workers by gender and regulated women's participation in the labor force. Babbage concluded that production costs could be substantially reduced by dividing a craft into its constituent parts. Maxine Berg indicated that the large-scale woolen workshops of West Yorkshire moved into a factory system, incorporating division of labor, standardization, concentration of labor, and the use of unskilled workers, prior to mechanization. They believed the journal was serving the company and not its workers, since it would not publish articles about the worsening working conditions at the mills.
The machines in the Lowell textile mills only made one kind of cloth and they were easy to operate without much training.